This collection of cases studies aims at providing a factual basis on which to consider rights-based management approaches as a possible solution for solving problems of excess fishing capacity. The case studies include two from the European Union (the United Kingdom and the Netherlands) and one for Iceland. Two studies are presented for fisheries along the eastern seaboard of the United States. Seven accounts are included from Australia, two of which describe fisheries managed by the Commonwealth Government through the Australian Offshore Constitutional Settlement (the Northern Prawn Fishery and the fishery for southern bluefin tuna). The other five accounts of Australian experiences describe the Pilbara Trap Fishery in the northern region of Western Australia, Western Australia's rock lobster fishery, and South Australia's rock lobster, abalone and pilchard fisheries. In Tasmania an account is given for the rock lobster fishery, while for New South Wales a description is given for abalone. An omnibus account is given for the situation in New Zealand. Coverage of the Western Pacific includes the Pacific halibut and sablefish fisheries in Alaska, the marine trawl fisheries of British Columbia and Chile's Patagonian toothfish fishery.