This guide is written for people who work in land administration and all those with an interest in land, land tenure and their governance. Good governance can help achieve economic development and the reduction of poverty. Land issues cut across society, and a well-governed land administration system can strengthen local institutions, thereby contributing to broadly to governance. This guide explains what governance is, and what constitutes good governance in land tenure and administration. It examines the consequences of weak governance in these areas, and looks at how governance can be improved in land administration in general, as well as in some specific areas in which governance can be problematic.